Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics.The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents.
1. Best Sowing Time:
Mansoon & Summer .
2. Soil Temprature:
Optimal soil temperature: 10-40°C. Seeds should germinate in 8-14 days.
3. Steps for Seed Sowing Method:
- Take a seedling tray with medium sized cells & drainage holes at the bottom..
- Fill the cells/cups with a moist coco-peat medium.
- Hold the Brinjal seeds in your left palm & sow 2-3 seeds per cell/cup. Since Brinjal seeds are small, avoid sowing them very deep..
- Place the seeds on the surface of the medium & push each seed a little inside the medium by using pencil tip, so that seeds are not visible on the surface anymore & cover it with more coco-peat.
- Or make small, shallow depressions on medium with pencil bottom. Put the seed in that depression & sprinkle more coco-peat on the top to cover the seed.
- Keep the seedling tray indoors till the seeds germinate.
- Covering: Keep the seed tray in a box or cover it with paper for first 4-5 days to encourage faster seed germination.
- Water the seed cells with a spoon in the first week. Provide two tablespoons of water every day.
- Or keep the seedling tray in another tray full of water for half an hour, so that seed cells will absorb the water from the bottom, via drainage holes.
- If the seed beds are made outdoors, protect them from heavy rain or direct sunlight. Use well sieved fine soil as a sowing medium & make a nice raised bed from it. Cover the bed by making a temporary roof of the plastic sheet. Water it in the form of a light shower by watering can.
4. Growth Steps of Brinjal Round (Bharta Bengan) Plants
- Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days or so & tiny sprouts will be visible. Once seeds germinate, put the tray in an open partially sunny spot near the window. Don’t cover the tray anymore. .
- Cotyledons: The early two leaves will emerge from the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
- First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week. These are Brinjal’s original compound leaves.
- Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant. At this stage, exposé the seedlings to more & more sunlight for leaf growth. .
- Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling per cell/cup. Cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
- Spacing: Plant the seedlings minimum 2 feet apart (60×60 or 60×45 cm) from each other on raised beds. Plant only single seedling at the centre of a single regular 8-12 inch pot.
5. How to Take Care For Brinjal Round (Bharta Bengan) Plants
- Sunlight: Brinjal plants require full sunlight in winter & partial sunlight in summer. Therefore, place your raised beds & potted plants according to the season.
- Watering: Water your potted Brinjal plant every day in summer & every other day in winter. Water at the soil near the plant. Use a watering can and make sure that the plants get water in the form of a shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds. Avoid overwatering.
- Manuring: Add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before transplanting the seedling. Organic fertilizer can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or vermicompost.
- Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted. Read about types of insect pests in your garden. .
- Support: Support your Brinjal plant by tying its main stem to a single erect stick buried in the soil near the plant. With this support, your plant will stay upright. .
- Pinching/Topping: Pinch out the apical (top) growing point of Brinjal plant when its two months old to encourage new and uniform side growth. This will increase the brinjal production. Also, pinch off any diseased leaves & branches immediately.
- Harvesting: Brinjal plant will start flowering at the end of 3rd month. Brinjals can be harvested 70 to 80 days from the sowing of seeds. If proper care is taken, Brinjal plant will continue to grow & produce veggies for three years.
|Type of Seed
|Soil Nutrient Requirements