Chilli F1 Long seeds
Chilli plant had a straight, branched shoot, and are small, annual shrubs. Chillies are one of the popular spices in India. They give Indian dishes a fiery taste and a wonderful color. There are numerous pathological conditions that can be successfully treated with chillies, including pain, obesity,cancer, and inflammation.It has been found that chillies contain a blend of vitamins and phytochemicals, including carotenoids, Vitamin C, phenols, foliates, etc.
As a rainfed crop, chilies need moisture. Black soil, which retains moisture, is ideal. For chilli growth, temperatures between 20°C and 25°C are ideal. Temperatures above 37°C impede fruit development. The ph of the soil should be between 6.5 and 7.5 (neutral). They cannot grow in acidic or alkaline soils.
Approximately 1 1/2 kilograms of chilli seed are required for 1 hectare of land.
It is possible to plant chillies as Kharif and Rabi crops as well as to plant them at other times. The sowing months for Kharif crops are May to June; for Rabi crops, September to October; for summer crops, January-February are the months chosen.
It is generally considered optimum to space plants 60 cm x 30 cm with a plant population of 22,200 per acre, or 45 cm x 45 cm with a plant population of 19,750 per acre.
For direct sowing the seeds are drilled by the end of March or first week of April. Seed rate is 2.5-3.0 kg per acre.Approximately 30-40 days after sowing, the thinning and gap filling is done during a cloudy day.The soil needs to be sterilized properly before plowing, so diseases susceptible to plants do not develop.Occasionally, onions are intercropped with chillies in pairs of rows. That is, two rows of chillies are followed by one row of onions, which provides weed control and an additional income.
To maximize yield and to protect chilli plants, 11 to 12 tonnes of compost are applied in the field in advance.
Natural pesticides such as neem oil or neem powder are used in the cultivation of chillies to control them gently.
Chilis can’t withstand a lot of water. Heavy rainfall and stagnant water would result in rot. If you are irrigating the crops, you should water them only when necessary. Depending on the climatic conditions and the soil type, the amount of water to be irrigated, the number and frequency of irrigations is very important. If the leaves begin to droop during the day, it is an indication that irrigation is needed. Likewise, if the flowers do not seem as strong or vigorous, irrigating the crop will help.
Harvesting and Yield
Depending on the intended usage of chillies, chilli fruits are harvested at different stages. When chilli powders and dry chilli are made, fruits are harvested when they are dark red. Fresh chilli yield varies based on variety, rain and soil conditions, soil type and growth conditions. On average, 30-40 quintals of dried chilli are produced per acre. Out of 100 kilograms of fresh chilli, 25-35 kilograms of dried chilli are obtained. Dry chilli yields range from 7.5 to 10 quintals per acre.